The Third Conditional

This is certainly the most difficult conditional to use due to its complicated structure.  The third conditional is formed using if plus the past perfect, plus would, plus the present perfect.  This conditional expresses the way we imagine things might have been in the past.  If something had been different, something else would have happened as we can see in the following…

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The First Conditional – UNIT 13

The three conditional tenses depend on probabilities.  In this post I am going to talk about the first conditional.  This tense is formed with the present simple and the future tense.  It is used to talk about real possibilities.  Here are some examples: If there is a storm, the match will be cancelled.  The match…

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The Second Conditional Unit 14

The three conditional tenses depend on probabilities.  In this post I am going to talk about the first conditional.  This tense is formed with the present simple and the future tense.  It is used to talk about real possibilities. Here are some examples: If there is a storm, the match will be cancelled.  The match…

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The Zero Conditional

The zero conditional is very simple to use and understand.  It is used when the result of the action always happens. It is formed with if and the present simple.  E.g.  When I eat peanuts I come out in a rash.  This is a general truth, it is not a possibility.  The if can usually be replaced by…

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Going To Fun Activities Unit 6

Here are some fun activities to give your students some speaking practice with going to. Lucky Dip! Fill a bag with a number of objects – the more absurd they are the better. Sit your students in a circle. Pass the bag to each student at a time. The first student takes out an object at…

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Going To Unit 6

Going to is not a tense.  It is a special structure that we use to talk about the future.  It is formed with the subject + the verb to be + going to + infinitive. This is a good moment to revise the verb to be as many young students do not fully grasp what it…

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Past Continuous

The past continuous is a fairly easy tense for students to learn.  The most important thing to remember is that they use it correctly. Remind students of how it is constructed – THE VERB TO BE IN THE PAST + ING.  This is a good time to revise the past tense of the verb to be. This tense is used in the…

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Past Perfect

The past perfect tense is quite easy for students to understand.  Here are some oral activities for them to practise this tense with. Past Perfect Circle Remind the students of the structure of the past perfect – HAD + THE PAST PARTICIPLE OF THE PRINCIPAL VERB. Remind the students when it is used – WHEN AN ACTION IN THE…

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Have To vs Must

Here are some creative ideas to help your students practise must/mustn’t,have to/don’t have to.  Encourage them to use their imagination as much as possible. The Modal Hotel Tell the students they have taken over the management of a hotel and have to decide rules for the guests. Brainstorm ideas regarding rules. Divide the class into groups and…

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Have To vs Must

The words must and have to can be problematic when explaining to very young students who do not see the FINE difference between the use of them.  This post talks a little bit about these differences which are important for examination purposes. Must expresses the speaker’s feeling while have to expresses an impersonal idea.  E.g. You must come and watch the…

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