The Zero Conditional

  1. The zero conditional is very simple to use and understand.  It is used when the result of the action always happens. It is formed with if and the present simple.  E.g.  When I eat peanuts I come out in a rash.  This is a general truth, it is not a possibility.  The if can usually be replaced by when in this clause without changing the meaning.

Here are some more examples.

  • When players don’t eat balanced diets, they don’t perform well.

  • If a footballer touches the ball with his hand, the referee blows his whistle.

  • Does the referee blow his whistle when a footballer touches the ball with his hand?

  • If  you don’t drink enough water, you become dehydrated.

  • Do you become dehydrated if you don’t drink enough water?

Fill in the blanks in the following exercise with if/when and the following words:

blow, award, send, cross, show, spit, give, is (2), question

  1. ………… a ball crosses the goal line a goal ….. scored.

  2. …….. a footballer kicks or attempts to kick an opponent it …. a foul.

  3. You can …. disciplined further for dissent, if you ………. a referee.

  4. …… a player commits a foul in their team’s penalty area, the referee ……… the opposing team a penalty kick.

  5. The referee awards a free kick ……… a player ……… at an opponent.

  6. ……… a player attempts to trip an opponent, the referee ………. his whistle.

  7. The referee ………. a yellow card …….. a player enters or re-enters the field of play without his permission.

  8. ….. the possessing team …….. the ball over the touch line, the referee …… a throw-in.

  9. ….. the ball fully ……. either the goal line or the touch line, it …… out of play.

  10. ………… a ball crosses the goal line a goal …… scored.

ANSWERS

  1. IF a ball crosses the goal line a goal IS scored.

  2. WHEN a footballer kicks or attempts to kick an opponent it IS a foul.

  3. You can BE disciplined further for dissent, IF you QUESTION a referee.

  4. WHEN a player commits a foul in their team’s penalty area, the referee GIVES the opposing team a penalty kick.

  5. The referee awards a free kick WHEN a player SPITS at an opponent.

  6. IF a player attempts to trip an opponent, the referee BLOWS his whistle.

  7. The referee SHOWS a yellow card WHEN a player enters or re-enters the field of play without his permission.

  8. IF the possessing team PLAY the ball over the touch line, the referee AWARDS a throw-in.

  9. WHEN the ball fully CROSSES either the goal line or the touch line, it IS out of play.

  10. WHEN a ball crosses the goal line a goal IS scored.

 

 

 

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